If you suffer from bad breath, you are not alone. Bad breath, also called halithosis can be downright embarassing. Several reasons for this includes thick plaque and calculus from lack of dental hygiene care, dental decay, retained broken down roots or even a badly fitting denture. Drinking plain water more often and rinsing with mouthrinse help reduce bad breath. For a better solution, consult a dentist to find out the source of bad breath.
Tooth decay, also known as cavities or 'gigi berlubang' is a prevalent disease. Dental decay happens because when sticky, translucent substance called plaque forms on tooth surface. Plaque is made of sugar/ starches from the food we eat combine with bacteria. This combination becomes a source of acid, slowly dissolving enamel and dentine. Tooth decay is best prevented by brushing well twice a day and avoiding snacks that are high in sugar content.
GUM (PERIODONTAL) DISEASE
Studies have shown that periodontal disease, also known as gum disease to be link to heart attack and strokes. Gum disease is the infection of gum around your tooth. It commonly present as gum bleeding during brushing, gum swelling and pain. There are 2 stages, The initial stage is called gingivitis where you will habe bleeding, swelling and pain or sensitivity. Later stage is called periodontitis where teeth start to loosen. Gum problem is one of the main cause of tooth loss in adults. Regular check up plays an important role in preventing gum disease.
TOOTHACHE AND DENTAL EMERGENCIES
There are few things that could be worse than having a bad toothache or other dental emergencies such as broken front tooth from a fight or fall or dental abcess. The first thing that you should do is to consult a dentist without any delay. Dentist will need to assess if there should be active treatment or to prescribed medication first. However, if you are not able to see a dentist, several remedies such as over the counter painkiller, warm salt rinse, mouth rinse or simply brushing your teeth sometimes help to control the pain. Alternatively, consult a medical doctor or checking into the emergency department in a hospital may be an option.
TOOTH EROSION AND ATTRITION
Tooth erosion is the loss of tooth structure by acid attacking the enamel. Tooth attrition is the loss of tooth stucture by tooth to tooth contact. Excessive teeth grinding by the opposing teeth during eating/ chewing or bruxing during sleep can cause severe loss of tooth structure. Often times, the cause of tooth structure loss is not exclusive. Once enamel layer is lossed, grinding or acidic exposure tend to wear down dentine layer at a faster rate. This is more common than people might think, but can also be easily prevented